Degree academic, scientific and professional interest
The different physical and sport activities –from now on manifestations of motor skills– which are part of the societies culture are the reference in the professional, scientific and academic field of this degree.
The development of the sports and the popularisation of the sports practice as a socio-cultural phenomenon in line with the economic development and growth resulting of the Welfare state.
The complexity of this sport system -sport training, physical-sport recreation, physical activity and health, and physical education- requires specific organisation and management forms which require an specific professionalisation to produce business succeed and social satisfaction. On the other hand, the educative system considers the physical education as a fundamental discipline in the development and improvement of the human being.
It is noteworthy that the employability of the graduated in Physical Activity and Sports Science is one of the higher in the current degrees offer.
These new social realities are justifying a Bachelor’s Degree proposal in which the contents balance the knowledge on Physical Education teaching, the sport training, the physical activity for health and the management and sport recreation.
In 1966 the Council of Europe highlights the importance of sport as a promotional item in the continuing education.
The Law 7/1985, of April 2, regulator of the Bases of the Local Regime establishes that the city councils will develop their sport services. In this context the areas of management, health, leisure time, training and teaching addressed in this Bachelor’s Degree appear.
The teaching of Physical Education in Compulsory Secondary Education must be exclusively taught by the graduated in this subject (preliminary bill on the regulation of the exercise of certain sports professions, July 3, 2007).
The Law 3/2008, of April 23, on the exercise of sports professions (Autonomous Community of Catalonia) establishes the competences of the graduated in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences or the corresponding Bachelor’s Degree. In the Autonomous Community of Galicia there is a decree which establishes that in the sport facilities there has to be a graduated person from Physical Education working.
On the other hand, different reports confirm that sport on the following years will be a strong invigorating and creator of employment, and that its activity has to be regulated through a complete legal framework.
In the current degrees catalogue there is a five-year degree in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences in the University of Vigo, which is turning into the proposed Degree. This same Degree is taught in another 26 Spanish universities, of which 18 are public universities and 8 are private.
On 2004, ANECA publishes the “White Book of the Bachelor’s Degree in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences”. 22 of the teaching centres of the five-year degree in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences took part on its elaboration. This Bachelor’s Degree proposal has this document as a main reference, especially in what is regarding the definition of the professional profiles, objectives and competences in the Degree.
In this White Book different studies on European references which we use as a guarantee of this proposal appear. Afterwards, the plenary session of the Spanish Conference of Institutes and Faculties of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences presented the “Report on the structure and contents for the Bachelor’s Degree in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences”, adapted to the Royal Decree 1393/2007, of October 29, on the arrangements for official university teaching. This document is the external reference which guarantees and justifies the Bachelor’s Degree proposal to the national consensual approach for Bachelor’s Degree in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences. On the basis of this document, the adaptation of the White Book to the Royal Decree 1393/2007; the distribution of the ECTS credits and the content structure for the Bachelor’s Degree are articulated.
The Study Plans of the Bachelor’s Degree in Physical Activity and Sport Sciences approved by the Council of Universities were consulted before submitting the following Bachelor’s Degree. The available ones where from the following private Spanish Universities: Catholic University of Valencia; University of Vic (Barcelona) and European University of Madrid.
A Report to the Galician Illustrious Official College of Graduated in Physical Education and of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, and to the Spanish Association of Sports Sciences was requested, regarding the pertinence of the proposal on the Bachelor’s Degree in Physical Activity and Sport Sciences.
“The project Tuning Educational Structures in Europe” was taken into account on the educative design of the study plan proposal, especially on what refers to the Tuning model–“TUNING MOTTO: Tuning of educational structures and programmes on the basis of diversity and autonomy”–.
The Bachelor’s Degree in Fine Arts of the University of Vigo was consulted to contrast the formal matters and of methodological formulation of the degree.
Internal and external consult procedures description
A member of the Dean Team in the Faculty of Education Sciences & Sports took part in the elaboration of the “White Book of the Bachelor’s Degree in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences” as a member of the plenary assembly.
During this process –January 2004 to March 2004– there was a collection of information among the teaching staff, the alumni, students and professionals to set the study of the academic situation of the degree in the Spanish University and a study on the labour market and the professional competences of the graduated students. In this sampling the community related with the five-years Degree in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences of Pontevedra took active part.
Moreover, the Dean Team programmed informative and discussion meetings on the Bolonia process in general and on the particular process of elaboration of the “White Book of the Bachelor’s Degree in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences”. In these meetings the community related with the five-years Degree in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences took part.
The Faculty Board of Education Sciences & Sports on the meeting of March 13, 2008, passed by unanimous consent the elaboration process of the study plans of the Bachelor’s Degrees at the centre by the Governing Board of the University of Vigo. The process is based on the “Procedure for the design of the Educational Offer of the Faculty of Education Sciences & Sports” explained in the Internal Quality Guarantee System of the Faculty of Education Sciences & Sports.